Debian vs Fedora: Similarities & Differences!

Credits:

Debian

Fedora

In this article let us have a look at 2 very popular distros Debian and Fedora and see where each distro shines so that you can pick one that best suit your needs!

For those of you in a hurry, here is the short version of the answer.

The Short Version Of The Answer

What are the differences between Debian and Fedora? The main difference between Debian and Fedora is Debian is meant for users who are looking for a stable distro that has the best software and hardware support while Fedora is meant for system administrators and advanced Linux users in need of the latest software in Linux.

The table below highlights the important differences between the 2 distros

Debian Fedora
Organization Name Debian is one of the oldest and grandest distros available with one of the largest online communities and this is the most-forked distro in the world!

Organization Type: Community

Fedora is a bleeding-edge community distro. The goal of this distro is to be the testing ground for new and latest software before releasing them on RHEL

Organization Type: Community backed by RHEL

Expertise Level Needed Intermediate Intermediate
Based On This is an original distro! RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
Target Use-cases General-purpose Distro

Best Use-case: For use in workstations, ARM-based systems, older hardware

Other use cases: Debian has flavors/versions available for almost any kind of use case!

General-purpose Distro.

Best Use-case: To learn Linux administration as RHEL is one of the widely used distros in the industry!

Other Use-cases: For use in Workstations

Software Support 10/10

Out of the box software: 5/5

Software Repository: 5/5

Has the biggest collection of software in their official repos with over 59000 packages!

9.5/10

Out of the box software: 4.5/5

Software Repository: 5/5

Hardware Support 9.5/10

Official driver support: 4.5/5

Support for older hardware: 5/5

Supports multiple processor architectures

Has proprietary drivers and open-source drivers available.

Can support very old hardware.

7/10

Official driver support: 4/5

Support for older hardware: 3/5

Hardware Resource Needs Middleweight to heavyweight based on the version you choose. Middleweight
Support 9.5/10

Paid support: Consultants can be hired

Community: 5/5

email lists and online chatting support platforms

Documentation: 4.5/5

Very comprehensive online documentation

9.5/10

Paid support: Not available on Fedora, but available on RHEL, Fedora’s stable cousin

Community: 4.5/5

Documentation: 5/5

Ease of use 6/10 Medium

Best suited for intermediate users.

7/10: Easy
Stability 10/10 Very stable

The main focus of Debian is stability and this distro is known for its rock-hard stability!

7/10: Stable

User need to be careful not to install from the unstable repos

Release Cycles Fixed Release: Once 2 years Fixed Release

2 releases every year, approximately around May 1st and October 31st

The graph below summarizes the table and compares the 2 distros and shows us how they compare with each other on various factors (Higher the points the better that particular feature is in a given distro)

That is just the short version of the answer, let’s go ahead and look at the longer and more informative version and learn more about the similarities and differences between the 2 distros.

The Linux Distributions World

The word Distro is short for “Distribution”. Since the Linux source code is open for everyone to see, large communities started evolving to bring together Operating Systems suited towards specific needs/goals.

These “specific needs/goals” include, but not limited to the following.

  • producing documents
  • writing programs and creating software
  • editing pictures, videos, audio and multimedia-production related works
  • store sensitive information by securing the operating system so that no one can hack into it or
  • just browse the internet and consume media.

Say a community of people just wanted to browse the internet with their computers, then there is no point giving them the software to write programs in. Thus since every community’s needs and goals were different these communities started distributing built images of this operating system with all the essential tools installed. These prebuilt images are called distros!

If you wish to know more about the reason behind the presence of so many choices in the Linux World, I suggest reading the article given below.

Reasons Behind The Existence of SO MANY Linux Distros: An Analysis!

The Main Factors of Comparison

The factors mentioned above are just a small list of 100s of factors that differentiate distros. If you are either switching from some other OS to Linux or you are in the process of choosing your next Linux distro and you are confused which one to choose, you need to have a look at these top 5 decision-making factors

  • Factor#1: Good Match with your Particular use-case
  • Factor#2: Support for your favorite software
  • Factor#3: Hardware Support and Proprietary Driver Support
  • Factor#4: Your level of expertise in Linux
  • Factor#5: Hardware Resource Needs

I have written a separate article explaining these factors which you can find in the link below

Top 5 Factors To Choose Between Linux Distros!

Let’s have a look at each of these important factors and see how Debian and Fedora compare against each other.

Factor#1: Good Match with your Particular use-case

By use-case, I mean the type of work you are going to be doing on your computer. The Linux distro world originated because of the difference in use cases.

Debian’s goal is wildly different from that of Fedora’s.

Let’s have a brief comparison between Debian and Fedora in terms of goals, target users, and best use cases to employ these distros.

Debian Fedora
Goal To create a free operating system that can be installed in almost any hardware with a strong focus on stability To be the testing ground for new and latest software before releasing them on RHEL
Target users Intermediate users who need an original Linux distro with the most supported software packages and processor architectures. Users who need the latest innovations in the Linux world right away!
Best Use-Cases to Employ the Distro General-purpose Distro

Best Use-case: For use in workstations, ARM-based systems, older hardware

Other use cases: Debian has flavors/versions available for almost any kind of use case!

Best Use-case: To learn Linux administration as RHEL is one of the widely used distros in the industry!

Other Use-cases: For use in Workstations

Factor#2: Support for your favorite software

If your main work involves some specific software or the latest versions of a given software then that becomes a decision-making factor for choosing a Linux Distribution. So before fixing on a given distro, be sure to google if that distro has official support for your main software needs.

The factors you need to be considering include the following

  • Out of the Box support: The software that the distro ships with.
  • Repository Support: The curated software that is available on the official repos
  • Type of release cycle: This decides the trade-off between up-to-date software and stable tested software.
  • Availability of Graphical Software managers
  • Package manager used: This can decide the ease of which you can install and uninstall software

Let’s see how Debian and Fedora fair up against each other in the category of Software support

Debian Fedora
Out of the Box Software 5/5: You can download a complete image with the most software packages! 4.5/5: comes with all the basic software needed
Repository Support 5/5: Has the biggest collection of software in their official repos with over 59000 packages! 5/5: more than 20,000 pre-compiled packages available
Type of release cycle Fixed Release: Once 2 years Fixed Release

2 releases every year, approximately around May 1st and October 31st

GUI Software Management Tools Available: We can use the Synaptic Package Manager or GNOME Software Centre. Available: Software center
Package manager used Apt package manager dnf package manager

The bar chart below summarizes the table above. As you can see, Debian is better than Fedora in terms of Out of the box software support. Both Fedora and Debian got the same points in terms of Repository support.

Hence, Debian wins the round of Software support!

Refer to the article below if you wish to learn more about package managers.

A Beginners Introduction To Linux Package managers: apt, yum, dpkg & rpm

Factor#3: Hardware Support and Proprietary Driver Support

Not all Linux distros support proprietary drivers officially. Depending on your computer’s hardware, you may or may not have open-source driver support from the manufacturers. This is especially true for hardware such as graphics cards and network cards. Hence it is a good idea to take “driver support” into consideration while choosing your next distro.

The factors you need to be considering include the following

  • Distro’s Policy of use of opensource vs proprietary 3rd party software
  • Official driver support by Major Companies
  • 3rd party driver support from official repos
  • Support for older hardware
Debian Fedora
Distro’s Policy User-focused distro: Proprietary drivers officially supported Only opensource officially supported
Official driver support by Major Companies 4.5/5: Being one of the oldest and most forked distros, most companies provide .deb packages 4/5: Fedora being the bleeding edge version of RHEL gets good support from the industry.
3rd party driver support 3rd party repos available 3rd party repos available for proprietary drivers
Support for older hardware 5/5

Supports multiple processor architectures

Has proprietary drivers and open-source drivers available.

Can support very old hardware

3/5: Fedora dropped support for 32-bit processors, but driver support for older hardware other than processor is good

The bar chart below summarizes the table above. As you can see, Debian is better than Fedora when it comes to official driver support. Debian is better than Fedora in terms of support for Older Hardware.

Hence, Debian wins the round of Hardware support!

Refer to the article below if you wish to have a look at some of the top distros in terms of hardware support.

Best Distro For Software And Hardware Support: A Comparison!!

Factor#4: Your level of expertise in Linux

Depending on your level of expertise in Linux, the choice of the distro you need will vary. This is because of the following factors

  • Ease of use: beginner, intermediate, expert
  • Paid customer support: available, not available
  • Online community support: great, good, okay, not good, no support
  • Available Documentation: Great documentation, Good documentation, Okay documentation, no documentation

Let’s see the level of support available for Debian and Fedora and see how they compare against each other

Debian Fedora
Ease of Use Intermediate level of expertise needed. Intermediate level
Paid Customer Support Consultants can be hired
if needed
Not available on Fedora, but available on Red-Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora’s stable cousin.
Online Community Support 3/5: email lists and online chatting support platforms 4.5/5: great online community support, solutions to most problems you will face are already available online.
Documentation 4/5: Very comprehensive online documentation 5/5: Very comprehensive documentation and several books and courses are also available!

The bar chart below summarizes the table above. As you can see, Debian is better than Fedora in terms of online community support. Fedora is better than Debian in terms of Documentation.

Hence, this round is a tie between Fedora and Debian!!

Factor#5: Hardware Resource Needs

This is an important factor if you are planning to employ Linux on a computer with limited hardware resources. This may be an old machine or a new one with less than stellar specs.

The factors you need to be considering include the following

  • Category: Lightweight or Middleweight or Heavyweight
  • RAM Requirements to have a snappy system &
  • Minimum processor requirements

Let’s see how Debian and Fedora fair up against each other in terms of Hardware resource needs

Debian Fedora
Category Middleweight to heavyweight based on the version you choose. Middleweight
Minimum RAM requirements 1GB (2GB recommended) 1GB minimum

2GB recommended

Minimum Processor Requirements 1GHz Dual-core processor Only 64-bit processors

1GHz minimum

2GHz Dual-core recommended

Refer to the article below if you wish to have a look at a step by step guide for choosing a Linux distro for your computer’s specifications.

A Complete Guide For Choosing A Distro For Your Computer’s Specs..!!

The Results!

Let us know go ahead and see the results of our comparison! Have a look at the Bar chart below.

As you can see Debian wins in Software support, Hardware support, and Stability.

Fedora wins in Ease of use.

There is a tie between the 2 distros in Hardware Resource needs, and User support.

I suggest you pick the distro that best suits you based on this graph. For example, if hardware support is more important to you, then pick the distro that has better support for your hardware! I suggest you pick the distro that best suits you based on this graph. For example, if hardware support is more important to you, then pick the distro that has better support for your hardware!

Summary

To summarise the article here is the comparison table from the beginning of the blog again.

Debian Fedora
Organization Name Debian is one of the oldest and grandest distros available with one of the largest online communities and this is the most-forked distro in the world!

Organization Type: Community

Fedora is a bleeding-edge community distro. The goal of this distro is to be the testing ground for new and latest software before releasing them on RHEL

Organization Type: Community backed by RHEL

Expertise Level Needed Intermediate Intermediate
Based On This is an original distro! RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
Target Use-cases General-purpose Distro

Best Use-case: For use in workstations, ARM-based systems, older hardware

Other use cases: Debian has flavors/versions available for almost any kind of use case!

General-purpose Distro.

Best Use-case: To learn Linux administration as RHEL is one of the widely used distros in the industry!

Other Use-cases: For use in Workstations

Software Support 10/10

Out of the box software: 5/5

Software Repository: 5/5

Has the biggest collection of software in their official repos with over 59000 packages!

9.5/10

Out of the box software: 4.5/5

Software Repository: 5/5

Hardware Support 9.5/10

Official driver support: 4.5/5

Support for older hardware: 5/5

Supports multiple processor architectures

Has proprietary drivers and open-source drivers available.

Can support very old hardware.

7/10

Official driver support: 4/5

Support for older hardware: 3/5

Hardware Resource Needs Middleweight to heavyweight based on the version you choose. Middleweight
Support 9.5/10

Paid support: Consultants can be hired

Community: 5/5

email lists and online chatting support platforms

Documentation: 4.5/5

Very comprehensive online documentation

9.5/10

Paid support: Not available on Fedora, but available on RHEL, Fedora’s stable cousin

Community: 4.5/5

Documentation: 5/5

Ease of use 6/10 Medium

Best suited for intermediate users.

7/10: Easy
Stability 10/10 Very stable

The main focus of Debian is stability and this distro is known for its rock-hard stability!

7/10: Stable

User need to be careful not to install from the unstable repos

Release Cycles Fixed Release: Once 2 years Fixed Release

2 releases every year, approximately around May 1st and October 31st

Hope you have got enough data to choose between these 2 amazing distros!

And with that, I will conclude this article!

I hope you guys enjoyed this article and learned something useful.

If you liked the post, feel free to share this post with your friends and colleagues!

Related Articles

Here are some of my other articles that might interest you!

What Is The Best Linux Distro? Analysis & Comparison..!!

A Step By Step Plan To Learn Linux..!

Best Linux Distro For Workstation: Analysis and Comparison!!

A Complete Guide For Choosing A Distro For Your Computer’s Specs..!!

Best Distro For Software And Hardware Support: An Analysis.!!

Distro-Hopping, What, Why & How Explained!

Reasons Behind The Existence of SO MANY Linux Distros: An Analysis!

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